The future of Moscow metro
It is planned to build 124 kilometers of metro lines before the year 2020, Shumakov said. In his words, the city metro needs the track five times longer than the current one to work normally. “At present, the city metro has 300 kilometers of metro lines. We need no less than 1,500 kilometers, as the city has a population of ten million and the metro provide transportation to 15-18 million people, including city visitors,” he said.
The Moscow metro share among other kinds of transport makes up 57 percent.
Every day 9,915 trains run over twelve lines of the system (292.2 kilometers and 177 stations) with the minimum headway of 90 seconds.
The city metro, which started the operation on February 4, 1935, continues to develop, and it is planned to draw investments in the construction of new lines.
Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin chaired a special conference of the city government on November 2, 2010, to spell out metro development tasks.
He said that both Russian and foreign companies should take part in the construction of the city metro.
“Not only two or three domestic companies should be involved in the project. We need an international tender for drawing large companies with a focus on such construction works,” he said.
Sobyanin also suggested reducing costs of the construction of new meter lines and ordered the Audit Chamber and the transport and road construction department to hold inspections at the metro.
He said that over 50 kilometers of metro lines would be built in Moscow by 2015 for spurring on the development of new residential areas and to decrease the burden on existent metro stations.
The oldest stations of the Moscow metro, Novokuznetskaya, Krasnye Vorota and Lenin’s Library, will be repaired within three years and their historical image will be preserved. The Krasnye Vorota and Lenin’s Library stations opened in 1935 within the first Moscow metro line. Novokuznetskaya is several years younger, it opened in 1943 when the WW2 was on.
“We have 26 transfer points or 66 stations daily visited by 5.8 million people or 68 percent of the entire passenger traffic,” the mayor said. “Eighty-six stations are hourly visited by 20,000 passengers in peak hours. Eight out of twelve metro lines are overloaded by 10 percent to 40 percent”
It is planned to commission 10.3 kilometers of metro lines and to open Pyatnitskaya and Novokosino stations and a segment of the Lyublino line from Maryino to Zyablikovo in 2011-2013, he said.
However, it is necessary to step up construction rates. “It is quite possible to build 44 kilometers of metro lines by 2015, and about 120 kilometers by 2020. In that case, all the city outskirts will have access to the metro, we will build the third transfer circle and the first outside line, Kozhukovo-Lyubertsy,” he said.
“The linking of four metro lines, Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya, Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya, Serpukhovo-Timiryazevskaya and Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya in the northern part of the city will reduce the passenger traffic on Serpukhovo-Timiryazevskaya and Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya lines,” he said.
Sobyanin said that the city would intensify metro construction to 15 kilometers of lines per year.